Sedation Dentistry – Patient Assessment and Care
Dental phobia is one of the most common problems faced by people in the United States. It is a problem that can keep people away from dental treatment, directly affecting their oral health and hygiene. Researchers in dental medicine developed a solution to this fear of dentistry. It is a process which relieves patients from stress and keeps them relaxed during dental treatment. It is called sedation dentistry. The treatment requires professional training and license. Dentists assess patients and ensure that all supporting equipment are available before performing the treatment.
In this phase, dentists ask questions related to medical history, sedation history, current medications and find out if the patient is allergic to any particular medicine. Problems related to respiratory system, breathing blocks and cardiovascular problems if any are noted. There is a list of other problems including but not limited to the ones related to lungs, liver obesity and sleep apnea, which dentists will be keen about.
Patient care during sedation dentistry
There are different types of sedation. Dentists take extreme care when the patient is under moderate to deep sedation. General anesthesia is an even more complex process which requires special assessment and the support of a licensed professional who is particularly trained in the field. With moderate to deep sedation, there is a continuum of levels of consciousness and each patient reacts differently to the same amount of sedative. Dentists take the support of assistants to monitor respiration, blood pressure level and heart beat rate. There is additional respiratory support provided to patients based on the needs. Patients are advised to follow necessary post-operative care to ensure safe and successful sedation process.