Dental implants are known to be one of the most successful teeth restorations in the field of prosthodontics. The restoration is mostly opted by patients and dentists for its long-life and functional benefits. With all its characteristics and benefits, it can arguably be one of the best replacements for a lost natural tooth. The restoration has been popular in the US since the 1970s. Despite all the positive points, dental implants do have certain concerns, which should be considered both by the dentist and the patient before dental implant surgery. The long-term success of dental implants depends on these factors. An informed decision can bring a major difference in the life of patients.
Long-term Success of Dental Implants – Deciding Factors
The number one deciding factor for the dentist regarding the recommendation of dental implant surgery is the bone quality. The implant requires sufficient bone volume and density for successful Osseointegration. The bone quality is classified into different types based on the volume and density. Patients who have suffered from bone resorption may have to undergo bone regeneration procedure before getting dental implants.
Periodontal infection and tooth decay are two factors that can affect the long-term success of dental implants. Untreated dental infection, which prevails during implant surgery, can affect the implant site and cause serious problems after the surgery. The dentist will make sure to treat such conditions before going ahead with implant placement. Patients should take care of oral hygiene after the surgery. Food residue, which can accumulate around the abutment of implant, should be removed from time-to-time. If left as such, the bacterial activities can lead to peri-implantitis, which is a condition where bacteria infect gums around the implanted tooth.
Bruxing or teeth clenching is as harmful to implanted tooth as it is to natural teeth. The uneven load on the implanted tooth can lead to the failure of the restoration on a longer run. Smoking, which is known to increase the activity of bacteria in oral cavity, can directly affect dental implants. Dentists believe that there are higher chances of implant failure in patients who have the habit of smoking when compared to non-smokers.